But echoing what Loucks had told him, Simourian recalled Johnson telling him that they needed someone in Washington who could facilitate getting the Baxter equipment transported from the United States to Yerevan. Earthquake in Armenia, Colombia, January 25, 1999. I was phoned on the evening of the 26 th Jan and told about an Earthquake in Colombia. But, according to Dr. Sevak Avagyan, then a deputy within the Armenian Ministry of Health, it was the Baxter shipment of dialysis equipment that convinced the Soviet officials that they needed to accept humanitarian assistance from foreign countries. 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According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.”, For those fortunate enough to be pulled from the rubble, kidney failure was an immediate concern. Because he had participated in negotiations between the US and the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear arsenals, Johnson told Simourian he had contacts in Russia whom they could draw on. In the early morning hours of December 18, 1988, a little more than 10 days after the earthquake had struck Armenia, the Russian Aeroflot plane landed at Andrews Air Force Base, was quickly loaded with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment and took off. “I don’t think many of the others had even been to Armenia, remember this was still during the Soviet regime, but this was something different — the suffering was on a massive scale and we needed to help,” Carolann Najarian recalled. “He was a threat on every single play. The second team’s job was to continue to treat earthquake victims while working to make sure that Baxter’s dialysis machines became part of Armenia’s commitment to a modernized health care system. The Colombian authorities have imposed a dawn-till-dusk curfew to allow the rescuers to work unhampered. 28 years ago, one of the worst disasters in the history of Armenia struck northwest of the country. The president had to send in troops to restore order. The Düzce earthquake of 1999 was an earthquake that occurred on 12 November 1999 at 18.57 local time (16.57 UTC} with a moment magnitude of 7.2 [1], causing damage and … Mejdy Mohamed Jonathan Palomino John Fernandez Daniel Amador Pablo Rodas The relief effort is slow and chaotic. “The scale of the destruction drove people crazy, and each person focused on his own family,” said an Armenian professional photographer who arrived at the scene within two hours of the catastrophe. The flight — which stopped in Newfoundland and Moscow before reaching Armenia — lasted 20 hours. The regional capitals of Armenia and Pereira were the worst hit. The relief effort, which depended on a secret agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to succeed, was spurred by an entreaty to Simourian by his wife, Michele, that “we’ve got to do something” hours after learning of the disaster. Reports said Friday’s quake was also felt on the Greek island of Crete. At a press conference at Boston’s Logan Airport where several planes filled with emergency goods had been delayed from taking off, Kennedy said: “It will not only be physical things on that flight but, more deeply, it will be prayers and a sense of loss. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. The 1785 Viceroyalty of New Granada earthquake sparked the birth of journalism in Colombia, initiated by … China Earthquake 05/14/2008 Canadian Red Cross Appeal: Séisme en Chine 14/05/2008 Appel de la Croix-Rouge … For Armenia, a country of about 3 million people, the casualty level made the earthquake one of the most devastating national disasters in modern times. He had gone off to school with his brother that Wednesday morning with the warning of his mother echoing in his ears that she had had a nightmare and that the two boys should be extra careful at school that day. Loading the Baxter equipment at Andrews Air Force Base, “The only way to save those rescued from collapsed buildings was to get them on dialysis but our equipment was outdated and totally unable to meet the overwhelming demand,” said Avagyan, who is now Executive Director of the Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry in Yerevan. Rescue teams are sifting through the rubble in Athens after Tuesday's earthquake that claimed at least 30 lives and left nearly 100 missing. William Lundeen, another of the three Baxter engineers who helped load the 20 dialysis machines aboard the plane in the pre-dawn dark, says he wasn’t alone in wondering about the perilous nature of the mission he had joined. Armenia is carrying out disaster preparedness drills in separate cities starting from 1999. Video on social media showed people searching through the rubble of collapsed buildings but the footage could not be verified. The three Baxter engineers went to work immediately outfitting their dialysis machines to the water treatment resources that existed at the two hospitals. Armenia, Colombia - Pereira, Colombia - Colombian coffee growing axis - List of earthquakes in 1999 - Manizales - List of earthquakes in Colombia - Epicenter - Ibagué - Quindío Department - South American Plate - Earthquake engineering - University of Quindío - Triage - Bogotá - Medellín - Cali - Andrés Pastrana Arango - Coffee production in Colombia - Peak ground acceleration - 1999 … Ä°zmit earthquake of 1999, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of Ä°zmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. Several years before, Chazov had joined with the renowned Boston-based cardiologist Dr. Bernard Lown to establish the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the group was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985. Demoyan took notes of what happened during the next several days and shared them with me recently. “Baxter was one of the first to arrive. Phone and power lines have also been brought down. He was in his shop class at 11:40 when the school began shaking, and his instructor immediately knew what was happening. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. The quake measured six on the Richter scale, one of the most severe to hit the country this century. The answer was yes. “I’ve been around government operations before, but I’d never seen anything like this,” recalled David Walker, a Baxter engineer who helped retrofit the new dialysis machines to make certain they would work once they arrived in Yerevan. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. I was contacted by the AMAA and asked to connect with Simourian. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days At the same time, again apparently through Kennedy’s influence, the US State Department and the Soviet embassy in Washington gave immediate approval to allow Dr. Allan Collins, a Minnesota kidney specialist, and three Baxter engineers and technicians to fly aboard the military transport plane — squeezed in with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment — from Andrews Air Force Base to Yerevan. Later that spring, Loucks summoned all of those Baxter employees who had participated in the relief effort to an appreciation dinner at the company’s headquarters in Illinois, and he asked John and Michele Simourian to attend. * Stephen Kurkjian is a retired reporter and editor for The Boston Globe and a founding member of The Globe’s investigative Spotlight Team. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. In addition, she is co-founder with Elizabeth Agbabian of AMAA’s Orphan and Child Care Committee commissioned by the Association. How did it get there — by an extraordinary concession to America’s fiercest Cold War adversary. Following the quake, the collapse of the buildings was so bad that those who lived there in the past and rushed to the scene to assist, could not recognize their neighborhoods. For certain, the massive humanitarian relief effort did not take care of all of the damage done by the earthquake. On Monday, January 25, 1999, an ML = 6.2 earthquake occurred in Quindío. “Everyone was watching the chandelier, not with the expectation of light but to see if it moved,” she wrote in an article published in Mediamax.am in Armenia last year. Simourian’s next phone call was to the most important person he knew in Washington — US Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, an influential member of the Senate Armed Services Committee who had been an end on the Harvard University varsity football team that Simourian played for during the 1950s. I was asked at that time if I was available. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDE from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Coordinates. It shook buildings as … Despite his legendary athletic record and successful business career, Simourian says the most important decision he made in his life was to court and marry Michele, now his wife of 56 years. January 25, 1999 at 1 pm local time. Tuesday 26 th January 1999. What we do. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days 1999 earthquake. January 25 (Armenia, Colombia) Since there was no food in the house I had no breakfast. The 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake occurred on 25 January at 13:19 with an epicenter 25 miles (40 km) west south west of Ibagué, Colombia. Quantification of damage associated to the 1999 Armenia earthquake in Colombia made possible to evaluate the validity and reliability of IE-RISS system in determining earthquake risk potential. On arriving home, he found that all members of his immediate family — his parents, brother and sister — had survived. “I consider what we did here perhaps the best thing I ever accomplished in my business career,” said Loucks, now 83. “And the real reason I did it was because of the sense of urgency in John’s voice.”. 1999 Earthquake Photos. UNHCR Global Appeal 1999 - Armenia. 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC 5.7 magnitude, 19 km depth Sarıkamış, Kars, Turkey 5.7 magnitude earthquake 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC at 17:06 December 03, 1999 UTC They opened the door.”. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. It shook buildings as … Following their graduations, both served in the military — Loucks as a Marine, and Simourian in the Navy — and after graduating from Harvard Business School at different times both began their successful business careers: Loucks in healthcare and Simourian, with his son, building a trucking company into a national transportation organization, headquartered in Needham, Mass. Johnson was accustomed to emergency missions. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. In Armenia, about 10 miles (17km) south of the epicentre, even single-storey homes were destroyed by the quake. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. 28 years ago, one of the worst disasters in the history of Armenia struck northwest of the country. Public outrage by Armenians toward the shoddy construction of high-rise buildings that had collapsed in the tremors was followed by disgust over the slow and chaotic rescue efforts. [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. (Reporters Anahit Harutyunyan and Ani Hovhannissyan contributed from Armenia.). But, according to Simourian, Kennedy insisted on one condition — that neither Simourian nor Loucks make any mention of Kennedy’s involvement in getting the desperately-needed approvals and permits granted. Colombia. Copyright © 2017 — The Armenian Mirror-Spectator. Kennedy too had seen the television coverage of the devastation that the earthquake had brought and pledged to Simourian that he would do anything he could do and do it as soon as possible. Because of the antiquated medical equipment, neither of the two hospitals designated to treat the earthquake victims were able to provide the needed care, and hundreds were dying every day or being sent to Moscow. Loucks asked Simourian if he knew anyone in Washington, DC who could cut through the red tape and expedite the transport of the equipment from the United States to Yerevan. The quake struck the heart of the country's coffee-growing region, about the capital, Bogota, toppling tower blocks, hotels and historic churches. Siranush Ghazanchyan Send an email October 30, 2020, 16:45. According to Dr. James Tattersall, a British doctor who was one of the first medical personnel to rush to Armenia on hearing of the earthquake — arriving in Yerevan only days later — the need for the new kidney dialysis machines was urgent. PARAMUS, N.J. — John A. Simourian was a legendary athlete at Watertown High School and Harvard College during the mid-1950s and his successes on the football and baseball fields made him one of the most celebrated Armenian-American sports figures in the 20th century. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. Now a reporter in Gyumri, she remembered being at her grandmother’s home soon after the earthquake struck. Baxter would donate more than a million dollars’ worth of modern dialysis equipment — as well as the doctors and technicians to operate them — that was desperately needed in Armenia. By the end of December, the Baxter dialysis machines had been joined by other pieces arriving from West Germany and England and together they were able to meet the critical demand that the earthquake had brought — the doctors were able to provide life-saving kidney dialysis treatment to 400 patients. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). Thousands have been left homeless. Other major earthquakes were the 1875 Cúcuta earthquake with around 10,000 deaths and the 1999 Armenia earthquake with an intensity of X. It is the most powerful quake to hit Colombia for 16 years, measuring six on the Richter scale. There were widespread reports of looting in the city of Armenia after the earthquake. Sobrevivientes recogieron sus pasos. Stein, who had raised money for the anti-nuke organization and traveled to Russia on several previous occasions, recalls advising the Baxter group: “Whatever you do, never leave the medical equipment out of your sight, or it will disappear, and you’ll never see it again.”. Anahit Harutyunyan was only 5, living with her parents and sister. “I remember him because he played end on offense and defense,” Simourian said. The situation on the ground in Yerevan was near-desperate. The epicenter was approximately 16km south of Armenia. The two tremors, … The deepest registered earthquake happened in the department of Amazonas in 1970 at an estimated depth of almost 645 kilometres (2,116,000 ft). I did and looking as fit and focused when he was earning headlines as a standout athlete at Watertown High School and Harvard, Simourian agreed to tell me the story of the relief mission. Oct. 2, 2020. It is evident Johnson too didn’t know what the Baxter engineers and Dr. Collins, the kidney specialist from Minnesota, should expect once they landed in Moscow, the last leg of their flight before reaching Yerevan. But Loucks knew that the 20 machines and related equipment needed to get to Armenia immediately or they would do little good to bring medical relief to the earthquake victims. For Simourian, that journey began the morning after he learned of the earthquake. The earthquake struck at nineteen minutes past one o'clock on January 25, lasted seconds, and left behind utter devastation. He estimated that approximately 1,500 people, who had been rescued from collapsed buildings in Spitak and Leninakan (now Gyumri) and rushed to Yerevan for emergency dialysis treatment, died at the hospitals because of the lack of adequate dialysis equipment in operation at the time of the earthquake. The epicenter was located 17 km south of Armenia. home of George and Carolann Najarian, both of whom had been to Armenia in prior years in part to study the condition of public health but once there had joined the growing call for independence for the enclave of Karabakh (Artsakh). The city was virtually destroyed in the quake, and a third of its 15,000 residents killed. From his office as president of his family-owned transportation company, he called the chief of one of the country’s largest manufacturers of dialysis equipment, a man whom Simourian had competed against while quarterbacking Harvard’s football team and told him of the crisis. Most of the events used occurred in the region on the occasion of the Armenia 25 January 1999 earthquake. 6.2 Richter scale. How to use Google Classroom: Tips and tricks for teachers; Sept. 30, 2020 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. Armenia, the … When he arrived, he saw that the building had been leveled. All Rights Reserved. Background: On January 25, 1999 at 1:19 p.m. EST, the epicenter of an earthquake measuring 6.0 on the Richter Scale struck central Colombia. Thirty years after the devastating earthquake, Simourian, having told only a few close friends about the relief effort over the years, spoke of it again over a recent dinner with Zaven Khanjian, Executive Director/CEO of the Armenian Missionary Association of America (AMAA). ... the Armenian people have struggled through tough economic conditions aggravated by a severe earthquake in 1988 and an energy blockade linked to the military confrontation in and around Nagorno-Karabakh. Earthquake in Colombia 1999 - picking through rubble of their homes for clothes that can still be worn, Armenia People lives in the containers after 23 years. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. Introduction [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. I'd also stayed up late writing about Saturday so I was tired. An Armenian man who was found digging with his fingers and hands was told by a doctor that if he continued to dig that way, he risked amputation. The earthquake occurred at 1 19 pm on Monday, 25 January 1999, and had an intensity of 6.2 points on the Richter scale. Oct. 2, 2020. He shared in three Pulitzer Prizes as a member and editor of the Spotlight Team. The final death toll was about 1,000, with 4,000 injured. When he stepped out of a hangar to approach the transport plane, Lundeen recalls coming across a unit of US military commandos all dressed in black, whose commander told him: “We don’t know who’s coming off that plane, and we want to be sure we’re prepared for anything.”. Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. USAID; Posted 26 Feb 1999 Originally published 26 Feb 1999. The strongest earthquake, with an estimated moment magnitude of 8.8 also happened offshore Ecuador in 1906. 3.9 magnitude earthquake 2020-01-18 01:28:43 UTC at 01:28 January 18, 2020 UTC Location: Epicenter at 40.97, 44.013 16.2 km from Shirak (10.2 miles) Scores of people were trapped in the rubble, or caught in landslides triggered by the earthquake. Having seen television images of the devastation, Vernon R. Loucks, Jr., chairman of Baxter International and former end for Yale’s varsity football team, was only too willing to help with a massive relief effort. Aftershocks were felt as far afield as the capital, Bogota. The horrific impact of the earthquake was being broadcast every day by CNN and the major television networks and it gave rise to countless frantic conversations in numerous homes of Armenians across America and elsewhere. Three decades later, the devastating earthquake is a reminder of the horrific events that Armenia and its people has had to endure to survive through history. However, Kennedy spoke of his commitment to the relief effort a few weeks later when the Soviet Union placed a sudden halt on all relief shipments to Yerevan. When asked recently about their strongest memory of the other, Simourian and Loucks both remembered the fierce competition each showed during the three varsity football games they played against one another between 1954-1956 — Yale winning two and Harvard one of The Games. Apparently through Kennedy’s intercession, the Pentagon cleared a Soviet military transport plane to land at Andrews Air Force Base in suburban Maryland, the same airfield used by the President’s Air Force One, and take off from there to Yerevan. Blog. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. Other major earthquakes were the 1875 Cúcuta earthquake with around 10,000 deaths and the 1999 Armenia earthquake with an intensity of X. Lundeen and his two colleagues returned to the United States by the end of December but that did not end the Baxter commitment to Armenia — Loucks sent another five technical and medical personnel to replace them. Michele Simourian recalled recently that with tears flowing down her eyes she looked at her husband, and said, “John, we’ve got to do something.” Then she reminded him of his friendship with Vernon Loucks, his Ivy League football foe. The focus was located in the municipality of Cordoba, 20 kilometres from Armenia, and had a depth of two to three thousand metres. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia On 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people and left more than 250,000 people homeless. 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